flag de flag gb flag fr
Legal notice     European Milk Board ASBL | Rue de la Loi 155 | B-1040 Bruxelles

News Details

PDF-Icon Icon-Print


Current costs of milk production in Germany: 41 cents/kg

Costs still not covered despite lower production costs

(Brussels, 16.10.2017) The German Office for Agriculture and Agricultural Sociology (Büro für Agrarsoziologie und Landwirtschaft, BAL) has been calculating the real costs of milk production for Germany since 2012. In addition, it works out to what extent producers’ costs are covered, based on farm-gate milk prices. This takes into account the items of means of production, labour costs and subsidies received. Here are the current figures for the third quarter of 2017:


Milk production costs in Germany (July 2017)

Despite lower costs and higher prices there is still no equilibrium, as the price/cost ratio documents:

With coverage of 0.91, there is still an evident average deficit of 9%.

EMB President Romuald Schaber comments on the current figures: “Of course it is encouraging that the cost gap is slowly shrinking. However, if you consider the losses we have sustained in recent years, the prices are still not enough to close this gap and initiate deferred investments. And unfortunately, these figures also show that the dairy farmers are not benefiting enough from the current boom in butter prices.”



The cost study, jointly commissioned by the European Milk Board (EMB) and the MEG Milch Board from BAL (German Office for Agriculture and Agricultural Sociology) calculates the costs of producing milk throughout Germany. It is based firstly on data from the European Commission’s Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN), and secondly, to update those data, on the German Federal Statistical Office’s price indices for agricultural means of production like feed, fertilisers, seed and energy, and uses an income rate that calculates the performance of farm managers and family members.

Additionally, a price/cost ratio is published on a quarterly basis. It shows the ratio between the officially recorded raw milk prices paid to the farmers and the milk production costs.


Please click here for more information on the BAL cost calculation



EMB President Romuald Schaber (DE): +49 (0)160 352 4703
EMB Managing Director Silvia Däberitz (DE, EN, FR): 0032 (2)808 1936

More News


Current figures from Germany show: gap between production costs and milk price is further increasing

(Brussels, 16.07.2018) The quarterly cost figures for Germany are now available and show that cost coverage in April 2018 was only 78%, while it was 88% in January. Production costs in April amounted to 42.70 cents; however, producers only received 33.42 cents per kilogram of milk. This problematic combination of falling milk...


Newsletter July online!

As newly elected member of the Executive Committee of the European Milk Board, I would like to draw your attention in my editorial on current issues in Ireland. Angers mounts as Ireland’s biggest Co-op underpays on May milk price. Read more


Drought causes discomfort for Europe's dairy farmers

Large parts of Europe have experienced major losses due to the continued heatwave. After a wet spring in countries like Ireland, the United Kingdom and France, the dry weather is now negatively affecting pastures, hay and silage production as well as cereal and straw production. As a consequence of the drought, milk producers...


Newsletter June online!

It's a pleasant surprise when EU policy-makers propose positive developments: At the end of May, the European Parliament voted in favour of the report by Italian MEP Herbert Dorfmann on the 'Future of Food and Farming' and thus presented the Commission with a clear direction for the reform of the Common Agricultural...


Urgent recommendation

EU Agriculture Council should decide to use milk powder from intervention as animal feed


Fair – Fairer – Faironika

European Fair Milk Conference honours responsible commitment in agricultural sector


5th European Fair Milk Conference in France

Invitation to the conference on 14 June 2018 in Villeneuve-d'Ascq near Lille, France

Displaying results
<< First < Previous 1-7 8-14 15-21 22-28 29-35 36-42 43-49 Next > Last >>